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The SpecDB is the name of the database that Polyphony Digital uses to store all car specifications, and other critical entities such as courses. Its structure is the same as an ordinary database.

Most tables represent a distinct car part. Some other tables such as COURSE defines the courses available in the games.

Important Information

  • Car codes are the car's row ID in GENERIC_CAR.
  • label is what the game uses to identify a car.
  • category column is the part's upgrade level.

Torque Modifiers

torquemodifiers determine how much a part increase the torque output of a car in %. 100/1000 is 100%, no changes.

For each table that the game reads the multiplier is applied to the car's value as such CurrentTorqueMultiplier = (CurrentTorqueMultiplier * TableTorqueMultiplier) / 100

Table row load order for setting up a car (for GT4, crossed tables do not have a torque modifier)
  • GEAR
  • LSD
  • ASCC
  • TCSC
  • WING
  • NOS

Database Tables

The most important tables are GENERIC_CAR and DEFAULT_PARTS.

Mandatory table rows for a car (click to expand)
  • GEAR
  • LSD
  • ASCC
  • TCSC
  • CAR_NAME If you want a name
Table Name
AIR_CLEANER Defines all Air Filter tuning parts.
ARCADEINFO_NORMAL Defines all possible AI arcade entries.
ASCC Defines all ASM parts.
BOOST_CONTROLLER Defines all boost controller parts. (for >=GT5)
BRAKE Defines all brake tuning parts.
BRAKECONTROLLER Defines all brake controller parts.
CAR_NAME_* Defines all names for cars for each region. The row ID is and should be linked to the ID in GENERIC_CAR.
CAR_VARIATION_* Mainly used for GT4, this defines all car label/model mappings for each region.
CATALYST Defines all catalyst tuning parts.
CHASSIS Defines chassis specifications such as dimensions, mass, and weight bias.
CLUTCH Defines all clutch parts.
COMPUTER Defines all ECU tuning parts.
COURSE Defines all courses in the game. In GT5, courselist.xml, the arcade and freerun xmls refer to it using their labels. In GT6, menudb refers to it for available arcade courses.
COURSE_NAME_* Defines the course names for COURSE. (for GT4)
DEFAULT_PARAM Defines all the default part settings for each car.
DEFAULT_PARTS This is the second most important table. Defines all the pre-installed parts for a car. Each column will point to a part table's row ID.
DRIVETRAIN Defines all drivetrain parameters.
ENEMY_CARS Defines all enemy/AI cars, this can be used in place of GENERIC_CAR for defining cars. (a GENERIC_CAR row is still needed to use this. for GT4 only).
ENGINE Defines all engine display/simulation specfications and assigns sound IDs to engines for carsound entries.
ENGINEBALANCE Defines all engine balance parts. (for GT4)
EXHAUST_MANIFOLD Defines all exhaust manifold parts.
FLYWHEEL Defines all flywheel parts.
FRONTTIRE Defines all front tire parts.
GEAR Defines all transmission parts such as number of gears, gear ratios, and whether or not a given transmission has customisable/auto ratios.
GENERIC_CAR This is the most important table of the SpecDB. This is where cars are defined as a whole along with their metadata. The default parts column is used to link a car to its default parts installed using the Row ID. You may also find the horn sound ID, price of the car, country, maker (manufacturer) and some car specific flags.
GENERIC_ITEMS Mainly used for GT5, this defines all the available items in the game, which then the gameitem xmls will use. Note: GT5 has a hardcoded limit of 280 horns.
INTAKE_MANIFOLD Defines all intake manifold parts.
INTERCOOLER Defines all intercooler parts.
LIGHTWEIGHT Defines all lightweight parts.
LSD Defines all differential parts.
MODEL_INFO Defines all the available models for each car. Row ID's are directly linked to the car's row in GENERIC_CAR. (for >=GT5)
MUFFLER Defines all exhaust upgrade parts. Categories are used to determine which subfolder is searched in carsound.
NATUNE Defines all naturally aspirated tuning parts.
NOS Defines all nitrous parts.
PORTPOLISH Defines all port polishing parts. (for GT4)
PROPELLERSHAFT Defines all propeller shaft parts.
RACE Defines all races in GT4. Label must match a certain pattern.
RACINGMODIFY Defines racing modifications (GT5), aero/chassis data (GT4).
REARTIRE Defines all rear tires.
STEER Defines steering assist parameters.
SUSPENSION Defines all suspension parts.
TCSC Defines traction control parts.
TIRECOMPOUND Defines tire compounds. Used by FRONTTIRE and REARTIRE.
TIREFORCEVOL Defines tire force volumes.
TIRESIZE Defines tire sizes. Used by FRONTTIRE and REARTIRE.
TUNER_LIST Defines which tuner/dealer you can go to to upgrade a car in GT4.
TURBINEKIT Defines all the turbos.
VARIATION Defines all the car paint colors (and models, for GT4).
WHEEL Defines all the wheels.
WING Defines all the wings. (for GT4, maybe GT5P)


Applicable to: GT4 / TT

Links a car to a VARIATION row.

Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The human-readable reference name for the car. Must match with the car to search.
VariationID Int ID matching VARIATION.


Applicable to: GT4 and above

Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The human-readable reference name for the part. Matching this to the GENERIC_CAR label isn't mandatory, but keeps things simple.
Displacement String The engine's displacement capacity. Formatted as cubic capacity (e.g. 4965cc) for piston-driven engines, and (cc * rotors) (e.g. 654x2cc) for rotor-driven engines. Blank/hidden values are - cc.
EngineType String The engine's layout, used for dealership stat displays (e.g. L4 for inline 4, Boxer6 for flat 6, Rotor2 for 2-rotor, V6, V10, etc. and - for blank/hidden).
Cam String The camshaft/valve type if applicable. Overhead cams and valves are listed as their abbreviation, e.g. DOHC or OHV. Rotary is listed in full, and blank/hidden is -.
Aspiration String The aspiration type of the engine, used for dealership stat displays and possibly event restrictions. NA, TURBO (and TUBRO for the Lancer Evolution III), SuperCharger, and - are used. Twincharged cars are not supported, so cars such as the Lancia Delta S4 are listed as turbo.
psrpm String Display stat. The RPM at which peak power is achieved.
torquerpm String Display stat. The RPM at which peak torque is achieved. As this is a string value, ranges such as 2500-6000 are supported where required (e.g. turbo cars)
soundNum UShort The ID for this engine's sound, mapped to files like carsound\xxxx\12345, where xxxx is the folder for normal or turbo engines split by exhaust upgrade level.
psvalue Short Display stat. The engine's peak mechanical horsepower (PS). Converted to other units in-game depending on region/language settings. Combines with psrpm to produce readouts such as Power:301HP/5600rpm.
torquevalue Short Display stat. The engine's peak torque (kgm*100). Converted to other units in-game depending on region/language settings. Combines with torquerpm to produce readouts such as
torque(A through X) Short Simulation stat. Each lettered column is mapped to a rpm(A through X) column to produce this amount of torque (kgm^100) at a given RPM, building the torque curve of the engine (e.g. torqueE is the torque produced at rpmE).
Category Byte Unknown.
dpsflag Byte Unknown. Possibly related to downshift protection.
shiftlimit Byte The RPM at which the automatic transmission assist will shift up under full throttle. Values for this and all other RPM-related sim values are multiplied by 100 in game, so a shiftlimit of 65 means the redline starts at 6500rpm.
revlimit Byte The RPM at which the engine hits the rev limiter and will not rev any further. Also multiplied by 100 in game, so 70 means the rev limiter is hit at 7000rpm.
Unk Byte Unknown. Possibly RPM related.
clutchmeetrpm Byte Not fully known. Seems to be 250 for almost every car except for some historic cars and the Tank Car.
torquepoint Byte How many rpm/torque points are used to build the torque curve. Maximum of 24 as each only goes from A to X.
rpm(A through X) Byte RPM values divided by 100 corresponding to torque(A through X) values. Can start from any value and jump up in any (or even inconsistent) intervals, but base game cars typically start at 10 or 15 (1000rpm and 1500rpm) and increase in intervals of 5 (500rpm).
RedLine Byte The RPM at which UI redline starts.
MeterScale Byte Unknown. All values are set to 0 in GT4.
torquevol Byte Unknown. Possibly a multiplier related to the engine's torque curve.
GasConsumptionRate Byte Unknown. As the name suggests this is related to fuel consumption, but every engine in GT4 has a value of 0 for this column, and the units/effects are unknown. Possibly unused.


Applicable to: GT4 and above

Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The human-readable reference name for the part. Matching this to the GENERIC_CAR label isn't mandatory, but keeps things simple.
Gear(1st through 11th) Short The gear ratio for a given gear. Multiplied by 100, so a specdb value of 3595 is a ratio of 3.595.
GearReverse Short The reverse gear ratio. Multiplied by 100.
finalgearMIN Short The minimum value allowed for the final drive ratio when tuning gear ratios.
finalgearMAX Short The maximum value allowed for the final drive ratio when tuning gear ratios.
finalgearDF Short The default value for the final drive ratio when tuning gear ratios.
ExtraFinalGearRatio Short Specifies an alternative final drive ratio where applicable (for cars with two output shafts such as the 2005 Volkswagen Golf GTI).
Price Short How much the part costs to buy if not stock.
category Byte The upgrade level of a transmission part.
geartype Byte Which type of gearbox behaviour to use. 0 and 1 are both used on manual transmissions but the difference between the two is unknown. 2 is used to apply realistic smooth shifting to cars with torque converter automatics. 3 and 4 are unknown but may be related to hybrid cars as they are used on the Toyota Priuses and Triathlon car respectively. 7 is scooters. 0 or 2 means CanShowGearChart is true. 2 and 3 may be CVT. 1, 3, 4 and 7 are considered automatic only.
Nshift Byte Number of gears (forward). This also reflects how the driver shifting animations operate.
gearflag Byte Determines whether or not to calculate the gear ratios automatically. 0 is used for road cars with specified real-world ratios, 1 is used for most race cars and upgraded gearboxes. 2 is unknown and only used on the 1954 Chevrolet Corvette which has two gears and real-world defined ratios. AutoGearRatio_Generate is called if the flag is not 0.
maxspeedMIN Byte The minimum value allowed for the Auto adjustment slider when tuning gear ratios.
maxspeedMAX Byte The maximum value allowed for the Auto adjustment slider when tuning gear ratios.
maxspeedDF Byte The default value for the Auto adjustment slider when tuning gear ratios.
ExtraFinalGearUsage Byte Subtracted from Nshift to determine which gear the ExtraFinalGearRatio is used for. For example, ExtraFinalGearUsage set to 2 and Nshift set to 6 means that the ratio specified in ExtraFinalGearRatio will apply from 4th gear onwards.
LowGearPos Byte Used for rendering the driver animations. Likely related to shift animations, as it appears to only be set to 1 for convertibles with a manual gearbox and 0 for everything else.
ReverseGearPos Byte Used for rendering the driver animations. Similar assignments to LowGearPos, but has a larger range of possible values (0, 6, 8, and 255).
GearPattern Byte Used for rendering the driver animations. Likely related to shifting animations but the actual nature of each value is unknown.


Applicable to: GT4 and above

GT4 Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The internal name for a car. Used throughout the game engine and Adhoc scripts to refer to a specific car.
DefaultParts Int The row index for a car's DEFAULT_PARTS entry. Essentially used to actually build a car by assigning it to a bundle of parts.
Price Int How much a car costs to buy. A value of 0 doesn't mark the car as free, but rather flags it as unbuyable. Also used for internal calculations of sell price and mileage-based price reduction for cars available in the UCD.
Year Short The year a car was built. Used for event regulations.
RegulationDisplacementFlags Short Used for event regulations, values/units unknown.
Maker Byte The manufacturer of a car. Used for manufacturer-specific event regulations.
Category Byte Assigns cars to a certain "type". 0 = NORMAL, 1 = RACING, 2 = TUNING, 3 = CONCEPT. Equal or above to 100 is a car that is considered "strange" (e.g. Formula GT, Ford Model T, Nike One) - They have no body/engine/oil degradation and cannot be used in certain parts of the game (You cannot advance past this point because <car> is a special car.)
GeneralFlags Byte Bit-level flags assigning certain characteristics to cars, used in bitwise operations.
ConceptCarType Byte Unknown. Category is used for concept car event restrictions, and ConceptCarType has some strange assignments, such as the Ford Model T being set to 4. Appears to be completely unused/unread.
OpenModel Byte The convertible type of a car. Cars set to 1 have a closed top variant that allows them to enter regular 6-car races. Cars set to 2 do not, and can only enter 2-car races or time trials.
NoChangeWheel Bool Restricts the ability to buy wheels in GT Auto.
NoChangeWing Bool Restricts the ability to change wings in GT Auto.
SuperchargerOriginally Bool Whether or not this car has a supercharger as standard. Likely used in tandem with aspiration flags to restrict entry to NA races.
GenericFlags bits (click to expand)
Bit Behavior if toggled
0 Makes a car unbuyable (NotForSell).
1 Hides the last VARIATION (colour) entry. Used for special colour cars and the black race cars.
2 Makes a car unable to enter races (RaceForbidden).
3 Hides a car's specs (HideRealSpec).
4 Marks a car as open top-only, meaning it has no closed roof variant and cannot enter typical races (OpenCar).
5 Marks a car as a test car, meaning it can only drive on the Nürburgring Nordschleife, Test Course, and Las Vegas drag strip (TestCar).


Applicable to: TT, GT4

This table links a car to a list of tuners - tuners can tune the car.

Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The human-readable reference name for the car. Must match from GENERIC_CAR.
Maker(1 through 10) Short Maker IDs. The list of makers is hardcoded in GT4/TT.
Maker List (For GT4/TT)
Name        | ID
-           |  0
acura       |  2
alfaromeo   |  3
astonmartin |  4
audi        |  5
bmw         |  6
chevrolet   |  7
chrysler    |  8
citroen     |  9
daihatsu    |  10
dodge       |  11
fiat        |  12
ford        |  13
gillet      |  14
honda       |  15
hyundai     |  16
jaguar      |  17
lancia      |  18
lister      |  19
lotus       |  20
manufacturer|  21
mazda       |  22
mercedes    |  23
mg_mini     |  24
mitsubishi  |  25
nissan      |  26
opel        |  27
pagani      |  28
panoz       |  29
peugeot     |  30
polyphony   |  31
renault     |  32
ruf         |  33
shelby      |  34
subaru      |  35
suzuki      |  36
tickford    |  37
tommykaira  |  38
toyota      |  39
tvr         |  40
vauxhall    |  41
volkswagen  |  42
asl         |  43
dome        |  44
infiniti    |  45
lexus       |  46
mini        |  47
pontiac     |  48
spyker      |  49
cadillac    |  50
plymouth    |  51
isuzu       |  52
autobianchi |  53
ginetta     |  54
saleen      |  55
vemac       |  56
jayleno     |  57
buick       |  58
callaway    |  59
dmc         |  60
eagle       |  61
mercury     |  62
triumph     |  63
volvo       |  64
hommell     |  65
jensen      |  66
marcos      |  67
scion       |  68
cizeta      |  69
fpv         |  70
caterham    |  71
ac          |  72
bentley     |  73
seat        |  74
landrover   |  75
holden      |  76
nike        |  77
au_ford     |  78
chaparral   |  79
autounion   |  80
proto       |  81
yamaha      |  82
kawasaki    |  83
aprilia     |  84
mvagusta    |  85
yoshimura   |  86
moriwaki    |  87
buell       |  88
ducati      |  89
_7honda     |  90
ysp_presto  |  91
trickstar   |  92


TireSize defines tire sizes.

Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The internal name for the color.
flatness Byte Tire profile.
unk Byte Unknown. Possibly category?
diameter Byte Rim Diameter. Divide by 10 for inches.
width Byte Tire Width. Multiply by 5 for millimeters.

So for example, cougar_xr7_67, which uses Tire Size ID 859 (Label: sz209) in GT4:

  • Flatness: 12 (profile 60)
  • Diameter: 150 (15 in.)
  • Width: 51 (255mm)

Tire Size = 255/60R15.


Variation defines all the colors available for the cars. In GT4, it is also responsible for linking to the model and the color patch. In later games, it has moved to MODEL_INFO.

In GT4, in order to get variation rows you would first need to obtain it from CAR_VARIATION.

GT4 Table (click to expand)
Column Data Type Description
Label String The internal name for the color.
ModelCode String Code for the model to be used with the car/ folder.
VarOrder UInt The display order of this paint color.
ColorPatchFileName String Color patch file name to be used with the car/. Ends with a .pat extension.
Name String Paint color name.
ModelWidth Float Model Width.
ModelHeight Float Model Height.
ModelFront Float Model Front.
ModelRear Float Model Rear.
ModelProjection Float Model Projection.
ColorChip(0 through 4) UInt Color of the chip for the car (the color display rectangle for menus).

Last update: September 22, 2023
Created: September 22, 2023